With the way the world is going, with all the conflicts and crises, it is not frequently we see news like this.
I’m glad to write that the warring factions of South Sudan, after a long and brutal 15 months of internal conflict have agreed to a peace deal brokered by the Tanzanian Government. The agreement contains that Salvar Kiir will remain President and Machar will be reinstated as the Vice President.
The President, Salvar Kiir and former Vice President and later rebel leader, Riek Machar agreed to sign this new peace deal, ending the crises in their country, the world’s newest country.
The conflict started after Riek Machar was accused of plotting a coup which led to him being removed as the Vice President.
He subsequently became the rebel leader, with a faction of the army loyal to him. The conflict later took an ethnic dimension as the respective ethnic tribes of the Salvar Kiir and Machar began fighting each other. More than 10,000 people have been killed and two million others uprooted from their
homes in a bitter conflict which has cost South Sudan’s economy millions of dollars.
“This is a partial agreement because we have not solved some of the most critical issues,” these were the words of Reik Machar, pointing out that functional ways of power sharing need to be agreed on.
Though I’m glad about the progress, I have fears about the deal.
Remember that talks have been on for months in Ethiopia, talks which have been slow and nearly unproductive, before the stepping in of Tanzania. Some agreements were reached during these talks which includes a cease fire deal which was subsequently frequently violated.
Fear 1: I fear that if the agreement fails, the country would relapse immediately to the state of bitter fighting it was in before the deal.
Also, remember that Reik Machar was the former Vice President under thesame Salvar Kiir.
Fear 2: With all that has happened, I fear that there will be a continual mistrust between them which might hamper the nation’s attempt at lasting peace and stability.
All said, I’m still glad that there has been an agreement. At least, it is as step in the right direction.