Attacks carried out since the beginning of 2014 by Boko Haram, a Islamist militant group in North Eastern Nigeria has left thousands of people dead and displaced. People forced to flee the violence are dispersed throughout Nigeria and other
neighboring countries, where they face serious problems in accessing food, water,
shelter, and other basic amenities. Nearly 300,000 people in the North Eastern States of Borno, Yobe, and
Adamawa states (about 71% women and Children) have fled their homes since early 2013, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination
of Humanitarian Assistance (UNOCHA). United Nations High
Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) reports that the total figure of internally displaced people in Nigeria is a little more than 470,000. Most are
staying with families in other parts of Nigeria, and another 60,000 have sought refuge in neighboring Cameroon,
Chad, and Niger since May last year.
Boko Haram attacks have increased significantly during
the first two months of 2014, with almost daily killings, bombings, thefts, and the destruction of schools, homes, and
businesses in northeastern Nigerian villages. These assaults have led to the deaths of over 700 people, the abduction of women and girls, and the mass displacement of residents.
The attacks since early 2014 have been very grave, targeting remote villages, markets, hospitals, and schools. In
the early hours of February 24, members of the militant sect, killed about 43 male students at Federal Government College, in Buni Yadi village, Yobe State, and abducted an unknown number of
female students. Earlier in February, in Konduga village close to Maidugri, a town that has witnessed the most attacks,
gunmen abducted 20 female
students at Government Girls Science College and five female street traders in an attack that killed more than 53 people. Following that attack, the federal
government closed five federal colleges in the three states (Borno, Yobe and Adamawa) under a state of emergency.
So many other similar attacks which include gun and bomb attacks have been rampant since Jan, 2014. So many casualties have been recorded. The Federal Government of Nigeria have been making efforts to combat the militants, and in some cases, progress was made. The Nigerian Government might not be able to bring these attacks to an end but they should ensure adequate humanitarian assistance for the injured and displaced. This is an area where they haven’t been doing enough.